1 9 0 7



Nazzaro (FIAT)
F 2 Felice Nazzaro
Fabbrica Italiana Automobli Torino
FIAT
Szisz (Renault)
R 1 Francois Szisz
Renault Frères
Renault
Baras (Brasier)
B2 Paul Baras
Société des Automobiles Brasier
Brasier


GRAND PRIX DE L'AUTOMOBILE CLUB DE FRANCE

Dieppe (F), 2 July, 1907 (Tuesday).
10 laps x 76.988 km (47.84 mi) = 769.88 km (478.40 mi)

No.DriverEntrantCarEngine

A 1A. PichatFabbrica d'Automobili AquilaAquila Italiana  9.9S-4DNA - Did not appear
B 1Jules BarillierSociété des Automobiles BrasierBrasier12.0S-4
B 2Paul BarasSociété des Automobiles BrasierBrasier12.0S-4
B 3Paul BablotSociété des Automobiles BrasierBrasier12.0S-4
BC 1Pierre GarcetP. GarcetBayard-Clément12.9S-4
BC 2Georges AlézyG. AlézyBayard-Clément12.9S-4
BC 3Elliott ShepardE. F. ShepardBayard-Clément12.9S-4
C 1"Collomb"Sté Francaise des Auto CorreCorre10.6S-4
D 1René HanriotR. HanriotDarracq15.3S-4
D 2Gustave CailloisG. CailloisDarracq15.3S-4
D 3Victor RigalV. RigalDarracq15.3S-4
DM 1Fréderic DufauxMarchand et DufauxDufaux14.7S-8
F 1Vincenzo LanciaFabbrica Italiana Automobli TorinoFIAT16.2S-4
F 2Felice NazzaroFabbrica Italiana Automobli TorinoFIAT16.2S-4
F 3Louis WagnerFabbrica Italiana Automobli TorinoFIAT16.2S-4
GE 1Émile Perpère SA des Ateliers GermainGermain  5.1S-4
GE 2François DegraisSA des Ateliers GermainGermain  5.1S-4
GE 3René Roch-BraultSA des Ateliers GermainGermain  5.1S-4
GB 1Louis RigollySté Gobron-BrilléGobron-Brillé13.5S-4
LD 1Arthur DurayDe Dietrich et CieLorraine-Dietrich17.3S-4
LD 2Fernand GabrielDe Dietrich et CieLorraine-Dietrich17.3S-4
LD 3Henri RougierDe Dietrich et CieLorraine-Dietrich17.3S-4
M 1Camille JenatzyDaimler Motoren GesellschaftMercedes14.4S-4
M 2Otto SalzerDaimler Motoren GesellschaftMercedes14.4S-4
M 3Victor HémeryDaimler Motoren GesellschaftMercedes14.4S-4
MB 1Léon PierronSA MotoblocMotobloc12.0S-4
MB 2Henri PageSA MotoblocMotobloc12.0S-4
MB 3Albert CourtadeSA MotoblocMotobloc12.0S-4
P 1Emile StrickerSté Générale d. Automobiles PorthosPorthos  9.1S-8
PL 1George HeathSociété des Anciens EstablissementsPanhard-Levassor15.5S-4
PL 2Hubert Le BlonSociété des Anciens EstablissementsPanhard-Levassor15.5S-4
PL 3A. DutempleSociété des Anciens EstablissementsPanhard-Levassor15.5S-4
R 1Ferenc SziszRenault FrèresRenault12.8S-4
R 2Henri FarmanRenault FrèresRenault12.8S-4
R 3Claude RichezRenault FrèresRenault12.8S-4
W 1Gregor LaxenWeigel Motors Ltd.Weigel14.9S-8
W 2Pryce HarrisonWeigel Motors Ltd.Weigel14.9S-8
WC 1Walter ChristieChristie Front Drive Motor Co.Christie19.9V-4


Nazzaro victorious with FIAT at the 1907 Grand Prix

by Hans Etzrodt
The Automobile Club de France held their 1907 Grand Prix on the 76.9 km long Dieppe Circuit for 38 cars entered. There were 9 teams from France, 2 from Italy, one each from America, Belgium, England, Germany, and Switzerland. The single starts were on a Tuesday at 6 a.m. with 1-minute intervals. Wagner (FIAT) led the first three laps. On the 4th lap he plunged into a ditch and was out. This gave Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich) the lead with Lancia (FIAT) 2nd until the 7th lap, when Nazzaro (FIAT) pushed ahead, passed Lancia to chase after the quick Duray. On the 8th lap a bearing seized on Duray's car and Nazzaro took the lead which he held until the end of lap ten when he won after 6h46m33s. Lancia retired on the last lap while Szisz (Renault) finished 2nd with Baras (Brasier) 3rd. Gabriel (De Dietrich) came 4th ahead of the two Darracqs driven by Rigal and Caillois. Barillier (Brasier) came 7th, Garcet (Bayard 8th, Shepard (Bayard) 9th and Hemery (Mercedes) 10th. There were 17 finishers and four stragglers. Commission Sportive, a group of nine small cars that raced concurrently with the Grand Prix cars, is not included in this report.
For the 1907 Grand Prix, the ACF introduced the fuel consumption formula; limited to 30-liter per 100 km - 9.4 mpg, and for each car 231-liter gasoline was issued. The weight limit and cylinder capacity were both abandoned. Re-introduction of national colors as used in the Gordon Bennett Cup races, Italian cars had to be now red; USA changed from red only to now red and white; English, green; French, blue; German, white; Belgian, yellow; Swiss, red, and yellow. Every factory had the right to enter three cars. Regulations did not allow replacing a wheel. Detachable wheel rims, introduced the year before, were now used on all cars equipped with wooden artillery wheels. Only Darracq used wire wheels.
Circuit:
After looking at various circuits, the ACF decided on one near Dieppe, called Circuit de la Seine-Inférieure. It was so known because of its situation in the French region's department la Seine-Inférieure. But it is also known as the Dieppe Circuit. The course was roughly triangular and almost flat, only 76.988 km in length, to be rounded in anti-clockwise rotation, covering 10 laps or 769.88 km distance. Starting just shortly before the road junction of N.25 and N.320, on the outskirts of Dieppe, around a left-hand hairpin or Fourche. Thereafter was a slight rise, then a 3 km straight. The course followed the river Eaulne south-eastwards through Envermeu to Londinières with a sharp left turn north over a railway, it continued along N.314, climbing through Fresnoy and descending to Sept-Meules, with a sharp dip to the bottom. Thereafter a climb before a long straight followed with a sharp descent to Eu where N.314 joined N.25. Following N.25 south-westwards the course led along a winding descent into Criel, followed by a 3 km climb to the top off the cliffs, with sight of the English Channel as the course then ran parallel to the sea, with the last 16 km stretch which allowed full speed until it reached the original starting point just before the Fourche outside Dieppe. For the upkeep of order on the circuit there were 700 gendarmes. 4,500 soldiers were stationed along the track, every 20 meters, as even more spectators were expected than in the previous year. Split pale fences were erected at every village through which the race passed to prevent animals and children running across the track. There were seven footbridges built at different points on the circuit. The course was tarred throughout.
Entries:
The entries consisted of 17 teams with a total of 38 cars, 9 teams from France, namely Brasier, Clément-Bayard, Corre, Darracq, Lorraine-Dietrich, Motobloc, Panhard-Levassor, Porthos, and Renault.
      Aquila Italiana and FIAT from Italy, Christie from America, Germaine from Belgium, Weigel from England, Mercedes from Germany, and Marchand from Switzerland. Most of the drivers had raced at the 1906 Grand Prix but a few newcomers had arrived. The cars were numbered on a different system, each being given a letter on this occasion, the initials of the cars themselves, as well as a series number. This was intended to make identification easy for the spectators, but it ultimately proved more bewildering than the old method of 1906. A complete list is at the beginning of this report with remarks here for only a few entries. The cars showed little change compared with previous year's models but were slightly modified. Renault had sold their previous year's cars and built replicas for 1907. The Germains were equipped with the smallest engines on a stripped touring chassis and performed surprisingly well in the race. Marc Ceulemans stated, Germains driver Achille Émile Perpère was born in Foix in Ariègne, France on April 18, 1877. His calling first name was Émile. He started as mechanic for De Dion Bouton and Panhard, then came in Belgium as mechanic at Germains in 1897. So, he was French but lived and worked in Belgium. The American Christy was a front-wheel-drive car, which was the first time such a car was entered in a European race. The car had a very large V-4-cylinder engine, driving directly to the front axle through a variable speed gear. The car supposedly developed 135 hp, was very fast but the road holding was problematic. Aquila Italiana sent a car from Turin to Paris which on the way had a serious accident on June 27. The repair required hasty work before it was sent to Dieppe. To replace the damaged car in the accident, the factory sent another car to Paris, which had performed excellent in tests. The engineer Marquis Pallavicino of Aquila Italiana traveled from Turin to Paris. An Italian driver would take the wheel of the L'Aquila Italiana at the Grand Prix in the last moment to replace the Parisian representative A. Pichat. But the Aquila Italiana did not arrive in time, due to railway faults and therefore did not start, according to Gazzetta dello Sport. Marc Ceulemans stated that Pierre d'Hespel was first nominated to drive the number C1 Corre car and was replaced at last minute by "Collomb". This was not Joseph Collomb but the former riding mechanic of Barriaux, known as "Collomb". He used that pseudonym "Collomb" during his very long sport career.
Practice:
There were specific practice times but announcements of those were less important. Weeks before anybody could test their car around the circuit.


Gerald Rose in A Record of MOTOR RACING, p270-273 > To win the big annual French race is a task not accomplished without some trouble, and as soon as the Dieppe course had been decided upon, several manufactures rented villas or near it, and erected workshops and garages. Throughout practicing, that was carried out on old racing cars, two sad accidents happened. Albert Clément, one of the favorites for this race, was making a final round of the course, and took the curve at Saint-Martin-en-Campagne too fast. It is a perfectly open bend, hardly to be noticed except when taken at a very high speed, and presumably Clément's pace was too great; his car dashed off the road into a heap of stones, and he was killed almost instantly. Gauderman, who accompanied him, was thrown clear and escaped unhurt. Shortly afterwards, Marius Pin, a new Darracq driver, was killed in a collision with a cart, and these fatalities raised a crusade in the French press against the race; but it was soon seen that the A.C.F. was doing the best for the safety of all concerned and the agitation speedily died down.
Due to the tragic death off Albert Clément during practice, SA de Ets Clément-Bayard Company did not enter officially, according to W.F Bradley, as the racecars were sold to independent drivers, namely Pierre Garcet, Georges Alézy, the mechanic of Albert Clément, and American Elliott Shepard. Likewise, but for different reasons, A. Darracq & Co did not take part officially, as was claimed by Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung. The independent Darracq drivers were René Hanriot, Gustave Caillois and Victor Rigal. The second Renault driver was Edmond who had become sick and was replaced by Henri Farman, who the day before the race, in the last hour, drove with a Renault around the circuit, which he had not known before as the Renault was new to him. Count d'Hespel had a small accident with his Corre car, which was repaired for the race and "Collomb" was to drive the car in place of d'Hespel.
Scrutineering:
Scrutineering took place the day before the race on Monday the 1. July from nine in the morning until late afternoon, during rain all day. The usual weighing of the cars had been done away with and instead each car had to line up to receive the exact amount of 231 liter of fuel. Each vehicle was run over a pit where it was examined by officials from left and right, from above and below for any secret hidden in the fuel tanks. The carburetors were sealed, the fuel lines, fuel connections and rivets also received lead seals. There were cars with up to 30 lead seals. The loss or missing of a lead seal would result in disqualification at arrival, so the lead pieces were guarded like pure gold. Only then the main fuel tank was filled up from the filling apparatus, which was most scientifically constructed and compensated for difference in temperature, so that every car should get precisely the same amount of 231-liter fuel and was sealed. Any fuel left over was then filled into cans which were sealed and inscribed with the car's number. The contents which had to last to complete the ten laps or 770 km. The cars then passed to another inspection pit to assure proper fitting of all lead seals after which the vehicles were locked up for the night in an enclosure guarded by the military.
Race:
Half an hour before the start the stands were overfilled. Most drivers changed their two non-slip tires and replaced them with smooth ones since the weather had changed overnight and was now wonderful with dry roads. All cars which had passed scrutineering appeared for the start except the A 1 Aquila Italiana driven by the French Pichat who also had not appeared at scrutineering, since the car was damaged in transit to Dieppe. The starting order had been decided by ballot. At six in the morning, a canon was fired to announce the start. The cars were sent away at 1-minute intervals. The first car of Lancia started only one minute later at 6:01 and the last driver, Bablot, left at 6h38m.

 
6:00
6:01F 1LanciaFIAT
6:02C 1"Collomb"Corre
6:03D 1HanriotDarracq
6:04 LD 1DurayLorraine-Diétrich
6:05 P1StrickerPorthos
6:06 DM 1DufauxDufaux
6:07 BC 1GarcetBayard-Clément
6:08MB 1PierronMotobloc
6:09R 1SziszRenault
6:10GE 1PerpèreGermain
6:11PL 1HeathPanhard-Levassor
6:12WC 1ChristieChristie
6:13M 1JenatzyMercedes
6:14W 1LaxenWeigel
6:15GB 1RigollyGobron-Brillié
6:16A 1PichatAquila ItalianaDid not start  
6:17B 1BarillierBrasier
6:18F 2NazzaroFIAT
6:19D 2CailloisDarracq
6:20LD 2GabrielLorraine-Diétrich
6:21BC 2AlézyBayard-Clément
6:22MB 2PageMotobloc
6:23R 2FarmanRenault
6:24GE 2DegraisGermain
6:25PL 2Le BlonPanhard-Levassor
6:26M 2SalzerMercedes
6:27W 2HarrisonWeigel
6:28B 2BarasBrasier
6:29F 3WagnerFIAT
6:30D 3RigalDarracq
6:31LD 3RougierLorraine-Diétrich
6:32BC 3ShepardBayard-Clément
6:33MB 3CourtadeMotobloc
6:34R 3RichezRenault
6:35GE 3Roch-BraultGermain
6:36PL 3DutemplePanhard-Levassor
6:37M 3HémeryMercedes
6:38B 3BablotBrasier
 
Lap 1 - So, the last of the 37 cars, Bablot (B3 Brasier) left the start at 6:38 a.m. A few minutes later the leading cars arrived at the stand. The first lap was very exciting. The most important drivers were close together. When the times for the first lap were announced, Wagner was the fastest, only seven seconds ahead of Duray and Szisz one minute behind. Nazzaro drove at a slow pace in the beginning. Garcet (BC 1 Bayard-Clément) had to change a tire. Four drivers stopped at the pits, Jenatzy (M1 Mercedes), Baras (B 2 Brasier), Page (MB 2 Motobloc) and Harrison (W 2 Weigel). After a few seconds they rejoined the race. Richez in the R3 Renault had taken the corner at Londonières too fast, skidded, and overturned. Bablot with the B3 Brasier who was close behind the Renault, tried to avoid the crashed car, steered too far away, and drove down a slope so that he also crashed with his car. Nobody was injured, so Richez and his mechanic immediately began repairing their car and eventually rejoined the race without engine hood, when they had fallen one lap behind. Bablot drove to his pit and repaired his bent stub axle before he rejoined, now also one lap behind.
      After 76.988 km, Wagner (F3 FIAT) was leading in 39m53s at 115.820 km/h average speed the 37- car field with the first twenty drivers in the following order after the first lap:
1.F 3 Wagner (FIAT)39m53s
2.LD 1 Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)40m00s
3.R 1 Szisz (Renault)40m39s
4.M 2 Salzer (Mercedes)41m17s
5.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)41m32s
6.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)41m33s
7.LD 3 Rougier (Lorraine-Dietrich)41m35s
8.D 1 Hanriot (Darracq)41m47s
9.D 3 Rigal (Darracq)41m59s
10.PL 2 Le Blon (Panhard-Levassor)42m01s
11.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)42m06s
12.M 3 Hémery (Mercedes)42m25s
13.F 2 Nazzaro (FIAT)42m45s
14.B 1 Barillier (Brasier)43m19s
15.BC 2 Alézy (Bayard-Clément)44m33s
16.B 2 Baras (Brasier)45m46s
17.BC 3 Shepard (Bayard-Clément)46m20s
18.W 2 Harrison (Weigel)46m37s
19.BC 1 Garcet (Bayard-Clément)47m01s
20.M 1 Jenatzy (Mercedes)50m11s

Lap 2 - Wagner (F 3 FIAT) kept the lead after the 2nd lap followed still by Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich), but Lancia (F 1 FIAT) had climbed to third place, having passed Szisz (R 1 Renault) and Salzer (M 2 Mercedes) who had dropped to 16th place, losing 10 minutes. The Autocar p34 > As the Mercedes of Salzer came up, one of his detachable rims flew off, and, hurtling through the air, fell among the spectators, of whom one was said to be badly injured. Obviously, Salzer was able to mount another spare rim since he could proceed but had lost almost one lap. Later, Salzer would retire as a straggler on the last lap. Hanriot (D 1 Darracq) moved from 8th to 6th place, followed by Rougier (LD 3 Lorraine-Dietrich) in 7th position, while Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) climbed from 13th place and was now 8th ahead of Caillois (D 2 Darracq) and Hémery (M 3 Mercedes). Heath (PL 1 Panhard-Levassor) retired due to overheating after the first lap.
      After 153.976 km, Wagner (F3 FIAT) was leading in 1h18m47s at 117.265 km/h average speed the 36-car field with the first ten drivers in the following order after the 2nd lap:
1.F 3 Wagner (FIAT)1h18m47s
2.LD 1 Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)1h19m54s
3.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)1h21m48s
4.R 1 Szisz (Renault)1h21m55s
5.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)1h22m13s
6.D 1 Hanriot (Darracq)1h22m20s
7.LD 3 Rougier (Lorraine-Dietrich)1h23m06s
8.F 2 Nazzaro (FIAT)1h23m29s
9.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)1h23m34s
10.M 3 Hémery (Mercedes)1h24m34s

Lap 3 - Wagner (F 3 FIAT) kept the lead after the 3rd lap, still followed in 2nd place by Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich), but Gabriel (LD 2 Lorraine-Dietrich) climbed from 5th place to third position, having passed Szisz (R 1 Renault) and Lancia (F 1 FIAT). Hanriot (D 1 Darracq) moved from 8th to 6th place, followed by Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) who had climbed from 8th position and was now 7th ahead of Caillois (D 2 Darracq) , Rigal (D3 Darracq) in 9th place and Barillier (B1 Brasier) was 10th.
      After 230.964 km, Wagner (F3 FIAT) was leading in 1h59m01s at 116.435 km/h average speed the 36-car field with the first ten drivers in the following order after the 3rd lap:
1.F 3 Wagner (FIAT)1h59m01s
2.LD 1 Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)2h00m21s
3.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)2h01m27s
4.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)2h02m05s
5.R 1 Szisz (Renault)2h02m28s
6.D 1 Hanriot (Darracq)2h02m48s
7.F 2 Nazzaro (FIAT)2h03m37s
8.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)2h04m55s
9.D 3 Rigal (Darracq)2h06m06s
10.B 1 Barillier (Brasier)2h07m37s

Lap 4 - Wagner (F3 FIAT), the determined and wild driver of the first laps, was stranded in a ditch on the fourth lap after he overturned at the bend at Londonières. Wagner broke his arm, a soldier was injured, and the car was damaged, so Wagner abandoned. Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) now held the lead, Lancia (F 1 FIAT) was 2nd and Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) climbed to third place. Gabriel (LD 2 Lorraine-Dietrich) now held 4th place, Caillois (D 2 Darracq) was 5th and Barillier (B 1 Brasier) followed in 6th place. Rigal (D3 Darracq) was 7th, Baras (B 2 Brasier) 8th, Szisz (R 1 Renault) 9th and Rougier (LD 3 Lorraine-Dietrich) was in 10th place. The Chistie car was in 31st place, 2 laps behind. The Autocar p 34 > Meanwhile, the Christie car had completed the second lap in fair time, the back of the vehicle jumping up and down as if flew past in a way that must have been rather uncomfortable for the driver and mechanic. Hanriot had dropped from 6th to 22nd position, he completed 5 laps with a time of 7h28m20s, he retired with broken accelerator as straggler. Laxen (W 1 Weigel) completed only three laps, after 3h58m05 s, he was one lap behind and retired on the 5th lap. Wagner (F3 FIAT) also retired, including Le Blon (PL 2 Panhard-Levassor) who completed only 3 laps after 5h52m42s when he overturned. As Le Blon was three laps behind, he retired when the leaders were on the 8th lap.
      After 307.952 km, Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) was leading in 2h39m10s at 116.085 km/h average speed the 33-car field with the first ten drivers in the following order after the 4th lap:
1.LD 1 Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)2h39m10s
2.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)2h41m36s
3.F 2 Nazzaro (FIAT)2h42m40s
4.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)2h43m02s
5.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)2h46m06s
6.B 1 Barillier (Brasier)2h48m37s
7.D 3 Rigal (Darracq)2h50m42s
8.B 2 Baras (Brasier)2h52m07s
9.R 1 Szisz (Renault)2h53m27s
10.LD 3 Rougier (Lorraine-Dietrich)2h56m26s

Lap 5 - Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) kept the lead with Lancia (F 1 FIAT) still 2nd, Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) 3rd and Gabriel (LD 2 Lorraine-Dietrich) in 4th place. Szisz (R 1 Renault) climbed from 9th to 5th place. Caillois (D 2 Darracq) was 6th, Baras (B 2 Brasier) 7th, Rigal (D3 Darracq) was 8th, Rougier (LD 3 Lorraine-Dietrich) 9th and Barillier (B 1 Brasier) was in 10th place. Motor-Age > Up to this time Duray seemed to be the winner. He consistently was doing the best work, completing the third tour in 2h00m21s and the fourth in 2h39m20s, the fifth in 2h24m55s. He did not stop until he completed the fifth round. Then he personally hurled gasoline and water into his car, amusing and carrying the crowd with him by the gumption with which he knocked an airhole into the bottom of the essence can. He resumed his course like a bolt of lightning and was almost a thousand feet away before the cheers which rose lustily and spontaneously could make themselves heard.
      There were three retirements, Alézy (BC 2 Bayard-Clément) completed 4 laps and retired with broken valves after 3h42m49s, Stricker (P 1 Porthos) completed 4 laps and retired with broken steering after 3h39m40s and Christie (WC 1 Christie) completed 4 laps but was 2 laps behind after 4h58m00s and retired on the 7th lap.
      After 384.940 km, Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) was leading in 3h24m55s at 112.155 km/h average speed the 30-car field in the following order after the 5th lap:
1.LD 1 Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)3h24m55s
2.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)3h27m09
3.F 2 Nazzaro (FIAT)3h28m30s
4.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)3h32m25s
5.R 1 Szisz (Renault)3h32m42s
6.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)3h33m15s
7.B 2 Baras (Brasier)3h36m03s
8.D 3 Rigal (Darracq)3h39m11s
9.LD 3 Rougier (Lorraine-Dietrich)3h39m25s
10.B 1 Barillier (Brasier)3h40m01s
11.BC 1 Garcet (Bayard-Clément)3h45m18s
12.M 3 Hémery (Mercedes)3h50m36s
13.BC 3 Shepard (Bayard-Clément)3h53m59s
W 1 Laxen (Weigel)3h58m05sno longer listed
14.M 2 Salzer (Mercedes)4h01m51s
15.M 1 Jenatzy (Mercedes)4h12m49s1 lap behind
16.MB 1 Pierron (Motobloc)4h16m48s ---"---
17.MB 3 Courtade (Motobloc)4h17m08s ---"---
18.GB 1 Rigolly (Gobron-Brillé)4h23m47s---"---
19.PL 3 Dutemple (Panhard-Levassor)4h39m38s---"---
20.B 3 Bablot (Brasier)4h51m30s---"---
21.GE 2 Degrais (Germain)4h56m25s---"---
WC 1 Christie (Christie)4h58m00s2 laps behind - no longer listed
22.C 1 "Collomb" (Corre)5h05m27s---"---
23.GE 3 Roch-Brault (Germain)5h07m10s---"---
24.W 2 Harrison (Weigel)5h20m41s---"---
25.GE 1 Perpère (Germain)5h26m13s---"---
26.R 3 Richez (Renault)5h32m41s---"---
27.DM 1 Dufaux (Dufaux)5h34m19s---"---
PL 2 Le Blon (Panhard-Levassor)5h52m42s3 laps behind - no longer listed
28.MB 2 Page (Motobloc)7h12m16s4 laps behind
29.R 2 Farman (Renault)7h24m42s5 laps behind
30.D 1 Hanriot (Darracq)7h28m20s---"---

Lap 6 - Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) held on to the lead which he had taken on lap four, with Lancia (F 1 FIAT) 2nd, Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) 3rd, the same order for the last three laps. Szisz (R 1 Renault) moved up to 4th place and Gabriel (LD 2 Lorraine-Dietrich) was now 5th. Caillois (D 2 Darracq) was 6th, Rigal (D3 Darracq) 7th, Barillier (B 1 Brasier) had climbed to 8th place, Baras (B 2 Brasier) was 9th, and Garcet (BC 1 Bayard-Clément) tenth. This was at mid-race, and everyone stopped to refuel. Duray and his mechanic poured the contents of the fuel cans into the large tank, the faces of the men were blackened from the road tar and covered over with dust. They added fresh oil and filled water, everything done in a great rush. While they were still busy, the red Fiat of Lancia made his stop. After Duray refilled his car, he realized that he still had 40 liters left in reserve and that he had driven in a very economical way. The drivers did not pass the finish line, without having refilled with fresh gasoline, which for some drivers explained the bad times in the following lap. Nazzaro learned only on his 5th lap stop that Duray was ahead of him, and only then did he drive faster.
      There were five retirements, LD 3 Rougier (Lorraine-Dietrich) completed 5 laps in 3h39m25s. GB 1 Rigolly (Gobron-Brillé) completed 5 laps after 4h23m47s, broke his clutch or gearbox, and retired on lap six. W 2 Harrison (Weigel) completed 5 laps after 5h20m41s, was 2 laps behind and retired on lap 7. MB 2 Page (Motobloc) completed 5 laps after 7h12m16s, was 4 laps behind and retired with a magneto problem on the very last lap. D 1 Hanriot (Darracq) completed 5 laps after 7h28m20s, was 5 laps behind and retired also at the end, with a broken accelerator or broken rear axle.
      After 461.928 km, Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) was leading in 4h03m55s at 116.085 km/h average speed the 25-car field with the first 10 drivers in the following order after the 6th lap:
1.LD 1 Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)4h03m55s
2.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)4h06m42s
3.F 2 Nazzaro (FIAT)4h07m20s
4.R 1 Szisz (Renault)4h11m56s
5.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)4h13m20s
6.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)4h16m14s
7.D 3 Rigal (Darracq)4h21m11s
8.B 1 Barillier (Brasier)4h22m12s
9.B 2 Baras (Brasier)4h23m08s
10.BC 1 Garcet (Bayard-Clément)4h32m00s

Lap 7 - Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) still led by 2m47s to Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) who was 2nd after he raised his pace, he passed Lancia (F 1 FIAT) who had not slowed down but still held 3rd place. So, the battle was now being fought between Duray, Nazzaro and Lancia. Szisz (R 1 Renault) was still 4th after driving with great regularity he lost some time due to possible tire changes. Caillois (D 2 Darracq) was 5th, Gabriel (LD 2 Lorraine-Dietrich) had dropped to 6th. Baras (B 2 Brasier) was 7th, Rigal (D3 Darracq) 8th, Barillier (B 1 Brasier) 9th, and Shepard (BC 3 Bayard-Clément) was tenth. There were no retirements on this lap.
      After 538.916 km, Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) was leading in 4h43m13s at 114.170 km/h average speed the 25-car field with the first 10 drivers in the following order after the 7th lap:
1.LD 1 Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)4h43m13s
2.F 2 Nazzaro (FIAT)4h46m00s
3.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)4h46m18s
4.R 1 Szisz (Renault)4h54m13s
5.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)5h00m07s
6.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)5h03m08s
7.B 2 Baras (Brasier)5h03m25s
8.D 3 Rigal (Darracq)5h04m12s
9.B 1 Barillier (Brasier)5h08m03s
10.BC 3 Shepard (Bayard-Clément)5h21m40s

Lap 8 - Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) held a lead by now six minutes to Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) who had lost time when changing tires, but was still 2nd, while Szisz (R 1 Renault) advanced to 3rd. The race was between the first three because Lancia (F 1 FIAT) had dropped 14 minutes behind the leader to 4th place with a misfire as he stopped at the pits with an overheated engine. Baras (B 2 Brasier) was 5th, Gabriel (LD 2 Lorraine-Dietrich) 6th, Rigal (D3 Darracq) 7th, Caillois (D 2 Darracq) 8th, Barillier (B 1 Brasier) 9th, and Shepard (BC 3 Bayard-Clément) was tenth.
      There were 5 retirements, MB 1 Pierron (Motobloc) completed 7 laps in 5h54m09s and retired with magneto problem on lap 8. Jenatzy (M1 Mercedes) completed 7 laps in 5h46m53s and retired on the 8th lap when a wheel came off from Janatzy's Mercedes and was hurled amongst a group of spectators, where the wheel broke the chest rib cage of a Woman. PL 3 Dutemple (Panhard-Levassor) completed 7 laps in 6h13m17s, was one lap behind and retired om the 9th lap. Dufaux with his (DM 1 Dufaux) completed 7 laps in 8h19m02s, was 4 laps behind due to piston damage and retired on the last lap. R 2 Farman (Renault) completed 7 laps in 9h12m48s, was 5 laps behind and retired at the end of the race.
      After 615.904 km, Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) was leading in 5h23m35s at 114.205 km/h average speed the 21-car field with the first 10 drivers in the following order after the 8th lap:
1.LD 1 Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)5h23m35s
2.F 2 Nazzaro (FIAT)5h29m34s
3.R 1 Szisz (Renault)5h33m18s
4.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)5h37m32s
5.B 2 Baras (Brasier)5h44m08s
6.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)5h45m23s
7.D 3 Rigal (Darracq)5h46m01s
8.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)5h48m24s
9.B 1 Barillier (Brasier)5h57m14s
10.BC 3 Shepard (Bayard-Clément)6h05m38s1 lap behind

Lap 9 - Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) who held the lead for the last 5 laps, retired just shortly after the finish on the 8th lap. He came walking back with his mechanic to the stands. A bearing seized, in his gearbox. The French spectators, who had been looking upon Duray as the winner, were greatly dismayed. Motor-Age > The crowds groaned in sympathy as they saw Duray trudging back on foot, but they gave him a cheer as he passed, and the hopes of France were then transferred to Szisz, who was a good second.
      Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) inherited the lead, almost six minutes ahead of Szisz (R 1 Renault) now in 2nd place. The race was now between these two drivers. Nazzaro drove the fastest lap with 38m24s. Lancia (F 1 FIAT) was 3rd, Baras (B 2 Brasier) 4th, Gabriel (LD 2 Lorraine-Dietrich) 5th, Rigal (D3 Darracq) 6th, Caillois (D 2 Darracq) 7th, Barillier (B 1 Brasier) 8th, Garcet (BC 1 Bayard-Clément) 9th and Shepard (BC 3 Bayard-Clément) was tenth.
      There were two retirements, Duray (LD 1 Lorraine-Dietrich) broke a bearing in the gearbox, he completed 8 laps in 5h23m35s. Dutemple (PL 3 Panhard-Levassor) completed 8 laps in 7h44m25s, he was 2 laps behind and retired on the last lap.
      After 692.892 km, Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) was leading in 6h07m58s at 112.980 km/h average speed the 19-car field with the first 10 drivers in the following order after the 9th lap:
1.F2 Nazzaro (FIAT)6h07m58s
2.R 1 Szisz (Renault)6h13m45s
3.F 1 Lancia (FIAT)6h23m10s
4.B 2 Baras (Brasier)6h24m22s
5.LD 2 Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)6h28m30s
6.D 3 Rigal (Darracq)6h28m40s
7.D 2 Caillois (Darracq)6h30m11s
8.B 1 Barillier (Brasier)6h42m20s
9.BC 1 Garcet (Bayard-Clément)6h53m10s1 lap behind
10.BC 3 Shepard (Bayard-Clément)6h55m01s---"---

Lap 10 - Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) looked the easy winner with Szisz (R 1 Renault) over five minutes behind in 2nd place and Lancia (F 1 FIAT) initially third, who then had to withdraw and Baras (B 2 Brasier) climbed to 3rd place. Gabriel (LD 2 Lorraine-Dietrich) was 4th, Rigal (D3 Darracq) 5th, Caillois (D 2 Darracq) 6th, Barillier (B 1 Brasier) 7th, and Garcet (BC 1 Bayard-Clément) was 8th, Shepard (BC 3 Bayard-Clément) was 9th, and Hémery (M 3 Mercedes) was 10th.
      There were two retirements, Lancia (F 1 FIAT) stopped on the last lap when the clutch broke 15 km from the finish line at Criel and Salzer (M 2 Mercedes) completed nine laps in 8h00m28s, already two laps behind. He was flagged off at the end with the finishers but was not classified.
      After the 10th lap, 769.880 km, Nazzaro (F 2 FIAT) crossed the finish line as victor after 6h46m33s at 113.637 km/h average speed with the 17 finishers listed in the results. The excited Italian spectators applauded and celebrated with ovations. After the victorious car was brought to the control where the inspection found all seals in order, the band played the Italian National Anthem. Then followed a truly sad Marsaillaise. Amongst the French prevailed bitter disappointment. The great drive by Szisz in second place and Baras brilliant performance could not console the public. The Race was over. The officials ran in confusion, finally they found Nazzaro, without giving him the time to wash the tar from his blackened face, he was dragged to the grandstand, where he, escorted from Mr. Lamberjack and Lotse, the representatives of Fiat in France, was taken to the tribune d'Honneur, together with their driver were presented to the Minister of Commerce, Monsieur Barthou to receive gratulations. Nazzaro then rushed to the eatery and poured down one glass of Champagne.
      The least fuel usage of all contenders was used by Rigal with his Darracq, who still was left with 42.49 liter. Barrillier (Brasier) was left with 42.2 Liter, Baras (Brasier) with 38.83 Liter, Baillois (Darracq) 36 Liter, Szisz (Renault) 30.95 Liter and the winner Nazzaro still had 11.26 Liter in his tank.
      The first nine finishers used Michelin tires with the removable Michelin rim. All race drivers suffered with painful eyes caused by tiny tar particles from the road.

Results

Pos.No.DriverEntrantCarEngineLapsTimeDiff/Status

1.F 2Felice NazzaroFabbrica Italiana Automobli TorinoFIAT16.2S-4106h46m33.0s
2.R 1Ferenc SziszRenault FrèresRenault12.8S-4106h53m10.6s+       6m37.6s
3.B 2Paul BarasSociété des Automobiles BrasierBrasier12.0S-4107h05m05.6s+     18m32.6s
4.LD 2Fernand GabrielDe Dietrich et CieLorraine-Dietrich17.3S-4107h11m39.0s+     25m06.0s
5.D 3Victor RigalV. RigalDarracq15.3S-4107h12m36.4s+     24m40.0s
6.D 2Gustave CailloisG. CailloisDarracq15.3S-4107h15m58.6s+     29m25.6s
7.B 1Jules BarillierSociété des Automobiles BrasierBrasier12.0S-4107h27m54.0s+     41m21.0s
8.BC 1Pierre GarcetP. GarcetBayard-Clément12.9S-4107h34m17.0s+     47m44.0s
9.BC 3Elliott ShepardE. F. ShepardBayard-Clément12.9S-4107h39m56.2s+     53m23.2s
10.M 3Victor HémeryDaimler Motoren GesellschaftMercedes12.0S-4108h25m25.0s+ 1h38m52.0s
11.MB 3Albert CourtadeSA MotoblocMotobloc12.0S-4108h48m33.6s+ 2h02m00.6s
12.B 3Paul BablotSociété des Automobiles BrasierBrasier12.0S-4109h12m59.6s+ 2h26m26.6s
13.R 3Claude RichezRenault FrèresRenault12.8S-4109h30m52.4s+ 2h44m19.4s
14.GE 2François DegraisSA des Ateliers GermainGermain  5.1S-4109h50m36.4s+ 3h04m03.4s
15.GE 3René Roch-BraultSA des Ateliers GermainGermain  5.1S-41010h10m43.0s+ 3h24m10.0s
16.C-1"Collomb"Sté Francaise des Auto CorreCorre10.6S-41010h24m57.6s+ 3h38m24.6s
17.GE 1Émile PerpèreSA des Ateliers GermainGermain  5.1S-41010h53m42.0s+ 4h07m09.0s
DNCR 2Henri FarmanRenault FrèresRenault12.8S-479h12m48sDNC
DNCDM 1Fréderic DufauxMarchand et DufauxDufaux14.7S-878h19m02sDNC
DNCM 2Otto SalzerDaimler Motoren GesellschaftMercedes14.4S-498h00m28sDNC
DNFPL 3A. DutempleSociété des Anciens EstablissementsPanhard-Levassor15.5S-487h44m25sDNC
DNFD 1René HanriotR. HanriotDarracq15.3S-457h28m20saccelerator
DNFMB 2Henri PageSA MotoblocMotobloc12.0S-457h12m16smagneto
DNFF 1Vincenzo LanciaFabbrica Italiana Automobli TorinoFIAT16.2S-496h23m10sclutch
DNFMB 1Léon PierronSA MotoblocMotobloc12.0S-475h54m09smagneto
DNFPL 2Hubert Le BlonSociété des Anciens EstablissementsPanhard-Levassor15.5S-435h51m42soverturned
DNFM 1Camille JenatzyDaimler Motoren GesellschaftMercedes14.4S-475h46m53slost wheel
DNFLD 1Arthur DurayDe Dietrich et CieLorraine-Dietrich17.3S-485h23m35sgearbox bearing
DNFW 2Pryce HarrisonWeigel Motors Ltd.Weigel14.9S-855h20m41sunknown
DNFWC 1Walter ChristieChristie Front Drive Motor Co.Christie19.9V-444h58m00sunknown
DNFGB 1Louis RigollySté Gobron-BrilléGobron-Brillé13.5S-454h23m47sclutch or gearbox
DNFW 1Gregor LaxenWeigel Motors Ltd.Weigel14.9S-833h58m05sunknown
DNFP 1Emile StrickerSté Générale d. Automobiles PorthosPorthos  9.1S-843h49m40ssteering
DNFBC 2Georges AlézyG. AlézyBayard-Clément12.9S-443h42m49svalves
DNFLD 3Henri RougierDe Dietrich et CieLorraine-Dietrich17.3S-453h39m25sunknown
DNFF 3Louis WagnerFabbrica Italiana Automobli TorinoFIAT16.2S-431h59m01scrash
DNFPL 1George HeathSociété des Anciens EstablissementsPanhard-Levassor15.5S-4152m23soverheating
Fastest lap: Felice Nazzaro (FIAT) on lap 9 in 38m24.0s = 120.293 km/h (74.750 mph).
Winner's average speed: 113.637 km/h (70.614 mph).
Weather: sunny, dry.
In retrospect:
Intermediate and final times differed between the sources. The selected times are believed to be correct.

Commission Sportive: A group of 9 small cars started at 9 a.m. for the Coupe de la Commission Sportive, racing concurrently with the 1907 Grand Prix cars, but this separate race is not included in this report.

Drivers' fastest lap times recorded at the 1907 GP de l'ACF
Driver/carlap timeon lapaverage speed
F 2 - Nazzaro (FIAT)38m24slap 9120.293 km/h
LD 1 - Duray (Lorraine-Dietrich)38m49slap 4
F 3 - Wagner (FIAT)38m54slap 2
R 1 - Szisz (Renault)39m05slap 8118.190 km/h
M 3 - Hémery (Mercedes)39m08slap 5
F 1 - Lancia (FIAT)39m31slap 4
LD 2 - Gabriel (Lorraine-Dietrich)39m14slap 3
B 2 - Baras (Brasier)40m14slap 9115.131 km/h
D 1 - Hanriot (Darracq)40m28slap 3
BC 1 - Garcet (Bayard-Clément)40m33slap 5
B 1 - Barillier (Brasier)40m56slap 3
M 2 - Salzer (Mercedes)41m17slap 1114.197 km/h

Felice Nazzaro, 26, born 4. December 1881, in Turin, was the son of a Turin coal merchant. At the age of 15 he began an apprenticeship as mechanic, at the small firm of Ceirano, where he worked under the direction of Vincenzo Lancia in the experimental department, assigned to test the finished chassis. He drove motorcycles and voiturettes, especially de Dion and Bollée. In 1899 the Ceirano firm was absorbed by F.I.A.T., where both drivers continued inspecting and adjusting the finished cars. In 1900, the two drivers began racing for F.I.A.T. in Italy. In 1901 Nazzaro drove for F.I.A.T. two races, the Piombino-Livorno and back and next the Kilometer race at Padua where he drove an 8 hp F.I.A.T. in 1m4s. At that time, the commendatore Ignazio Florio, the elder brother of Vincenzo Florio, bought Nazzaro's racecar he had seen at Livorno at F.I.A.T.. He demanded from the factory that Nazzaro was to drive the car and suggested that he kept the driver for three days. In Sicily he then met Vincenzo Florio who employed Nazzaro until 1905, looking after his cars. In 1903 Nazzaro drove Florio's 70 hp Panhard at the Paris-Madrid race and at the 10 km Padua race he finished first at 112 km/h. In 1904 Cavaliere Florio loaned him his 40 hp Panhard-Levassor Type Nizza Abbazia, which had been built for Teste. Nazzaro drove with that car the Kilometer at 101 km/h. In 1904 Nazzaro was still with Florio and raced against F.I.A.T. at Mont Cenis Climb with Florio's 75 hp Panhard-Levassor and finished second after Lancia.
      In 1905 he returned to F.I.A.T. at the GB race where Nazzaro came second after Thery. The same year Nazzaro won with the 100 hp F.I.A.T. the 1905 Mont Cenis Climb and at the Gordon Bennett Race he finished second. At the 1906 Grand Prix he finished second. In 1907 he won three major races, the Targa Florio, the Kaiser-Preis, and the French Grand Prix at Dieppe. He won the 1908 Coppa Florio at Bologna, and the same year came third at the American Grand Prize in Savannah. In 1911 Nazzaro left FIAT to form his own company and produced his own cars as of 1912. With his Nazzaro car he won the 1913 Targa Florio and the 1914 Coppa Florio. Count Vincenzo Florio employed him for four years to take care of his car fleet. That Nazzaro was for some time also the chauffeur for the Pope could not be confirmed. In 1922, the FIAT President, Senator Agnelli, invited Nazzaro to rejoin the FIAT racing team. He won the French Grand Prix at Strasbourg and finished second at the Italian Grand Prix at Monza to become the most successful driver of the 1922 season.

Primary sources researched for this article:
Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung, Berlin
Allgemeine Automobil-Zeitung, Wien
AUTOMOBIL-REVUE, Bern
Der Motorwagen, Berlin
La Figaro, Paris
La France Automobile, Paris
La Gazzetta dello Sport, Milano
La Presse, Paris
La Stampa Sportiva, Torino
L'Auto, Paris
L'Ouest-Éclair, Rennes
Motor Age, Chicago
The Autocar, London
Special thanks to:
Gerald Rose: A Record of Motor Racing
Giuseppe Prisco
Marc Ceulemans
Robert Dick
Taso Mathieson: Grand Prix Racing 1906-1914
Reinhard Windeler


PREVIOUS 1906 - 1914 INDEX NEXT
MAIN INDEX


© 2024 Leif Snellman, Hans Etzrodt - Last updated: 16.01.2024